What approach do I need?

Brief psychotherapy:

Brief therapy, often also called strategic therapy to distinguish it from the short therapies developed since its appearance, meets with some skepticism in the public as to its effectiveness. The subject can call upon this type of therapy in order to take stock of a specific difficulty/situation. It can be a particular anxiety that makes the person suffer and that can be disabling in his daily life.
The accompaniment is thus centered on what the patient lives on a daily basis, in the respect of his vision of the situation. It is through what the patient brings to the interview that the therapy works. The therapist must not only listen to the client, but also lead him/her to reveal concretely through words, how he/she lives the disorder for which he/she comes to consult.

Situations more specifically related to a phobia or a trauma, for example, can lead to the implementation of an eye movement desensitization therapy (EMDR) over a fairly short period of time (about ten sessions).

Medium and long-term psychotherapy:

The subject may decide to commit to a longer period of time spanning several months in order to better understand the emotional and historical state of the problems that are causing him/her to suffer. It is a work that pushes the subject to reflect on his or her dynamics that were until now more unconscious, more in the shadows. During this type of therapy, the subject may wish to explore the meaning they give to their own history, as well as the words, images and memories they attribute or that emerge during the process.


Psychoanalysis is a human science, the science of psychic reality and meaning. By psychic reality – as opposed to material reality – we mean that which concerns desire, affect, fantasy, the imaginary, and thought. Its object of study is the psychic functioning in its less conscious aspects. It is interested in the effects of the unconscious in daily life as well as in mental illness, in psychic and somatic symptoms, but also, more broadly, in the cultural productions of humanity.

The gaze and the listening are then turned towards what is unconscious, on what tries to say itself through the word, the words and the dreams. It is a confrontation with the unconscious contents leading to a better dialogue with one’s own inner world. During this process one gradually learns to leave the “representation” discourse in which we live on a daily basis.

Psychoanalysis is based on a much deeper process and requires a process that takes place over time. Since an analytical therapy can last several years, depending on the case, you must be prepared to invest yourself in the process over the long term.

The psychoanalyst adopts a position that is free of any intentional strategy and of any voluntarist approach to solving a problem or a symptom. In fact, by welcoming and listening to the people he receives, he makes links, puts in relation facts, words, situations that are brought to him. He proposes metaphors and images that shed light on the understanding of a situation.

© 2023 Copyright Poyraz Sahin – Docteur en Psychologie & Psychanalyste.